Categories

A sample text widget

Etiam pulvinar consectetur dolor sed malesuada. Ut convallis euismod dolor nec pretium. Nunc ut tristique massa.

Nam sodales mi vitae dolor ullamcorper et vulputate enim accumsan. Morbi orci magna, tincidunt vitae molestie nec, molestie at mi. Nulla nulla lorem, suscipit in posuere in, interdum non magna.

What is the impact of obesity on sleep apnea?

• Obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) is characterized by successive episodes of cessation or decrease in respiratory airflow.
• Obesity is an important risk factor for this condition.
• The prevalence of the disease in morbidly obese patients is approximately 70%.
• Treatment is based on the use of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) and weight loss in obese patients.
• Weight loss by dieting often produces unsatisfactory results.
• The use of CPAP does not show good adherence because of being long-term and uncomfortable.
• Bariatric surgery has emerged as the treatment for morbid obesity and various associated co-morbidities.
• Sleep apnea is due to recurrent episodes of upper airway obstruction during sleep that is caused by elevations in upper airway collapsibility during sleep.
• Collapsibility can be increased by underlying anatomic alterations.
• It can be increased also due to disturbances in upper airway neuromuscular control.
• Both of these play key roles in the pathogenesis of obstructive sleep apnea.
• Obesity and particularly central adiposity are potent risk factors for sleep apnea.
• They can increase pharyngeal collapsibility through mechanical effects on pharyngeal soft tissues and lung volume and through central nervous system–acting signaling proteins (adipokines) which may affect airway neuromuscular control.
• Specific molecular signaling pathways encode differences in the distribution and metabolic activity of adipose tissue.
• These differences can produce alterations in the mechanical and neural control of upper airway collapsibility.
• These determine sleep apnea susceptibility.

Causes and Effect

• If you find it difficult to get a good night’s rest it’s possible that you suffer from sleep apnea obesity.
• Everybody needs a good night’s rest to function properly and be active.
• This is a condition when apnea lasts for more than 10 seconds while sleeping.
• During episodes of apnea the oxygen levels drop to unsafe levels.
• This is the cause for irregular heart beats.
• People who suffer from this disorder have a higher risk of heart attacks or strokes.
• Central SA is when the part of the brain that controls respiration causes the muscles that are used in breathing not to respond.
• This changes the oxygen levels in the blood stream.
• When the oxygen levels get too low you are awakened by an automatic breathing reflex.
• Obstructive SA mostly occurs by airway passages being blocked by fatty tissue in the neck.
• The airway passages can also be obstructed by the tongue, tonsils, and uvula.
• SA is most common in obesity.
• Some individuals who have large necks can also become victims of this sleep disorder.
• Being deprived of sleep causes some risks.
• They can be such as sleeping while driving, sleeping at work, or any other obscure time.
• They also have a tendency to experience headaches, memory lapses, lack of energy, or shortness of breath.
• It’s a well known fact that when people don’t get enough sleep they are less active.
• Being less active, of course, means less exercise.
• Sleep apnea and obesity are commonly connected the question is which one causes the other.
• There may be another explanation and it has to do with two hormones.
• Leptin which suppresses appetite and increases energy.
• Grehlin which increases food intake.
• Sleep apnea lowers the leptin and raises the grehlin.
• The best solution for sleep apnea obesity is to get on a strict diet and lose the pounds.
• A ten percent reduction in weight reduces the severity of SA by fifty percent.
• Exercise needs to be part of the program.
• With improved nutrition and exercise you will finally get a good nights sleep.

Health At Every Size The Obesity Reality Obesity

Leave a Reply

You can use these HTML tags

<a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <s> <strike> <strong>