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Egg Allergy – Causes, Symptoms and Reactions

• Among the food allergies, the second most common allergy is egg allergy.
• Many children have allergy to hen’s eggs and this is 1.5 percent.
• But for adults, this is not true as it is not a major allergen.
• Anaphylaxis is a reaction that is very severe caused due to Egg allergy.
• This condition is a medical emergency and it very necessary to give immediate attention and medical care.

Symptoms of Egg Allergies

– Skin reactions
• Hives
• Eczema
– Allergic conjunctivitis
• Itchy eyes
• Red eyes
• Watery eyes
– Gastrointestinal reactions
• Nausea
• Abdominal pain
• Vomiting
• Diarrhea
– Airway symptoms
• Wheezing
• Coughing
• Runny nose
– Angioedema
• Swelling of lips
• Swelling of tongue
• Swelling of face

Cross-Reactions from Egg
• It is possible to be allergic to just egg white, just egg yolk, or both.
• It is quite impossible to separate an egg yolk and white entirely, at home.
• Kids and adults who have egg allergy especially to hen’s eggs are usually allergic to other kinds of eggs and from other birds too.
• It is also possible that a person might be allergic to one kind of egg but not to other kinds of eggs.
• There are some cases of people where egg allergy is activated even on the touch of an egg.

Bird-Egg Syndrome
• It is possible that a person might develop allergy to birds and then because of which might develop egg allergy.
• Such a condition is called Bird-Egg Syndrome.
• This type of Syndrome occurs when exposed to birds for a long time.
• Some people have birds as their pets and such people are known to be sensitive to proteins.
• This sensitivity is due to their presence in droppings and feathers of birds.
• Such sensitivity usually leads to egg allergies.
• Adult women are more prone to such conditions than in men or children.

Living with Egg Allergies
• Currently, prevention is the best method for avoiding egg allergy.
• Avoid eggs is the best way of managing the allergy.
• Usually an epinephrine auto-injector is prescribed upon diagnosing egg allergy that could be severe.
• Epi-Pen should be carried all the time for safety.
• It is also in the best interest of the person to inquire about the food ingredients when eating outside.

Outgrowing Egg Allergies
Most of the Children outgrow egg allergy upon maturity. One of the studies have given the following rates in the cases of persons who outgrew egg allergy:
• 4% by 4 years
• 12% by 6 years
• 37% by 10 years
• 68% by 16 years
– There are studies done by research team to know on the ways to reduce and immunize children on egg allergy.
– It is seen that heated eggs are able to diminish the effects of egg allergy in a person.
– Oral immunotherapy is also of great help in such cases.

Eggs and Medications
• Many medicines have egg protein.
• Most of the vaccines are cultured in egg protein.
• It is always best to ask the doctor before taking any vaccine.
• Before taking any medication, it is always necessary to talk to doctor regarding the egg allergy which helps in an alternative.
Below are the vaccines that are cultured in eggs or chick embryos and they all have minimal amounts of egg protein:
– Influenza Vaccine (Flu Shot)
– Measles Mumps Rubella (MMR)
– Rabies Vaccine
– Yellow Fever Vaccine

The Food Allergy Mama’s Baking Book What’s to Eat? The Milk-Free, Egg-Free, Nut-Free Food Allergy Cookbook 50 Eggcellent Egg-Free Breakfast Recipes

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