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Explain details about Asthma? How is asthma diagnosed? – Part 1

• The word Asthma is derived from ancient Greek and means “panting or short drawn breath.”
• Out of the various respiratory diseases, it is fairly common and is one of the most troublesome.
• Asthma is a chronic lung condition that is caused by the inflammation of the airways or of the bronchi, this in turn affects the way that air enters and leaves the lungs.
• Such an inflammation of the airways leads to disrupted breathing in the patient.
• Due to this inflammation, asthma patients develop extra sensitive or hyper responsive airways (and not in a positive way).
• The irritation or inflammation of the airways leads to them becoming narrow or obstructed. Such a narrowness causes problems in the passage of air, making it difficult for the air to move in and out.

Symptoms of Asthma

– A dry, rattling cough.
– An large amount of mucous.
– A feeling in patients as if they’re having to keep around a large hard ball-type mass in the throat.
– A tickle in the throat that leads to a cough, especially when the patient is trying to take a deep breath.
– Coughing, hard coughing on the part of the patient, such that mucous is expelled.
– Patients have difficulty catching the breath when doing some sort of physical activity or exercise, or when they are in a room where there is not sufficient ventilation.

Some of the reasons for narrowing or obstruction of the airways are:
• Inflammation of the airways.
• Broncho-constriction.
• Lack of enough exercise.
• Genetic factors.
• Changes in diet.
• Occupational exposure, especially to chemicals or powder like substances.

The occupational exposure is similar to that of some Environmental factors such as:
• Dust
• Cigarette smoke
• Fumes
• House dust mites
• Pollen: This can be a major problem. The arrival of spring and new pollen can be a huge problem for asthma patients.
• Medicines: Wrong medicines or adverse reaction to some medicines can cause narrowing of the airways.
• Certain other allergic foods: These can cause constriction of the airways.

Allergy and Asthma

Asthma can be triggered due to allergy.
• An allergy is a strong reaction of the body when exposed to a normally harmless substance.
• Allergens can be a variety of substances, some or any of which may trouble a individual sensitive to them. Common allergens include:
– Pollen
– House dust
– Feathers
– Mites
– Chemicals
– A variety of foods (such as peanuts, which for example are now banned on planes because of the adverse reaction on a few people who are allergic to peanuts)
Seasonal allergies that have cold-like symptoms and makes it more difficult to do a quick diagnosis.
• Sneezing
• Congestion
• Running nose

Some common signs and symptoms of such a condition are:
• Sneezing
• Itchy nose and/or throat
• Nasal congestion
• Clear, runny nose
• Headache
• Fatigue
• Fever
• Diarrhea
• Stomach ache
• Vomiting
• Coughing

These symptoms are often accompanied by more problems such as:
• Itchy, watery, and/or red eyes – called allergic conjunctivitis.
• In the case of children, in addition of these symptoms, they also develop wheezing and shortness of breath.
• The allergy may progress into asthma.

Diagnosis for Allergies

To determine an allergy’s cause, allergists usually do skin tests in one of two ways:
– A drop of a purified liquid form of the allergen is dropped onto the skin.
– The area is pricked with a small pricking device and a small amount of allergen is injected just under the skin.
• Initial results can be seen after about 15 minutes.

Treatment for allergies

• There is no real cure for seasonal allergies but there can be some relief for some of the symptoms, which can be bad by themselves.
• The first clear step is by reducing or eliminating exposure to allergens – so for example, if you are allergic to pollen, staying away from flowers is a great idea, especially in spring.
• During seasons when the allergy impact is higher, keep windows closed and use the air conditioning if possible to control the inflow of air.
• Stay indoors when pollen counts are high.
• Have your child wash hands or shower and change clothing after playing outside.
• Don’t allow a child with seasonal allergies to mow the lawn, since mowing the lawn tends to kick up pollen and mold spores.
• There is no precise test for diagnosing asthma; Spirometry is used to diagnose and manage asthma.
• This only measure is the effect the treatment has helped in opening of the bronchi-ole tube and reduced the inflammation of lungs.
• A Spirometer measures the airflow using a peak flow meter.
• For treatment of asthma, there needs to a regular measure of the response to therapy; that it, the patient is treated with a treatment and his response to that treatment is then studied.

Life and Breath Natural Relief for Your Child’s Asthma Asthma Allergies Children: A Parent’s Guide

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