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What is lactose intolerance and what foods need to be avoided?

• Milk intolerance could be the inability to digest lactose.
• This is the sugar primarily found in milk and milk products.
• There is an enzyme that is generated by the small intestine.
• This enzyme is required to digest lactose.
• While milk intolerance is not dangerous, its symptoms are usually distressing.
• Lactose intolerance can also be called lactose deficiency and hypolactasia.
• It’s not necessarily an ailment as such, but a genetically-determined characteristic.
• Lactose deficiency primarily means a syndrome that has more than one symptom upon the intake of food substances that contains lactose.
• Individuals could be lactose intolerant to varying degrees, according to the severity of these symptoms.
• Lactose mal- absorption refers to the physiological concomitant of milk intolerance.
• A condition with similar symptoms is fructose malabsorption.
• Lactose intolerance is basically intolerance to foods which has the bacteria lactic bacillus.

Milk intolerance incorporates a quantity of causes and is classified as one of three types:
1. Primary milk intolerance is genetic
2. Secondary, acquired, or transient lactose intolerance
3. Congenital lactose deficiency is a very rare, autosomal recessive genetic abnormality

Signs and symptoms of Milk intolerance

– Nausea
– Cramps
– Painful gas
– Bloating
– Diarrhea
• Symptoms often develop after 30 minutes to two hours.
• This is after drinking milk or eating milk products.
• The severity of symptoms varies.
• This is determined by how much lactose an individual can tolerate.
• A lot of people can be sensitive to extremely small quantities of lactose-containing foods while others can eat larger amounts before they notice symptoms.

Foods Containing Lactose

Dairy food including:
• Milk
• Ice cream
• Cheese
Lactose is usually added to some foods, like:
• Bread
• Baked goods
• Cereals
• Salad dressings
• Candies
• Snacks
Foods which contain:
• Whey
• Curds
• Milk by-products
• Dried milk solids
• Nonfat milk powder
– Lactose is additionally contained in about 20% of medications like: family planning pills.
– 6% of more than-the-counter medications. Eg: tablets for stomach acid and gas.
– Milk intolerance develops naturally.
– The small intestine starts to produce less lactose in everyone after age two.

Certain digestive diseases such as:
• Crohn’s disease
• Celiac disease
• Injuries towards small intestine

Non-dairy foods are great sources of calcium and do not contain lactose

• Vegetables
• Broccoli
• Pinto beans
• Lettuce greens like spinach and kale
• Seafood
• Tuna, canned
• Sardines, with edible bones
• Salmon, canned with edible bones
• Calcium-enriched fruit crush
• Soy milk
• Tofu (calcium-enriched)

Lactose Deficiency Diagnosis

• Milk challenge test
• Hydrogen breath test
• Blood glucose test
• Stool acidity test
• Intestinal biopsy
• Hydrogen breath test

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