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What are balance disorders? What are its causes and symptoms? – Part 2

A balance disorder is actually a disturbance which involves somebody to feel unsteady, like when standing or walking. It may be accompanied by feelings of:
– Giddiness
– Wooziness
– Having a sensation of movement
– Spinning
– Floating

Balance is the result of several body systems working together:
– The visual system-eyes
– Vestibular system-ears
– Proprioception -the body’s sense of space

Pre-syncope
• Pre-syncope is a feeling of light-headedness or simply feeling faint.
• Syncope, by contrast, is actually fainting.

Causes for Ear connected problems

Causes of dizziness are often characterized by:
– Vertigo
– Nausea
– Nystagmus

Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV) Symptoms

• Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo is a disorder arising in the inner ear.
• Its symptoms are:
– Repeated episodes of positional vertigo
– Spinning sensation
– Short duration
– Positional in onset
– Nausea
– Visual disturbance
– Pre-syncope
– Syncope
– Emesis
– Rotatory nystagmus

Labyrinthitis Causes and Symptoms

This is a condition of an inner ear infection or inflammation.
Causes
• Virus
• Bacterial infection
• Head injury
• Extreme stress
• An allergy
• A reaction to medication

Symptoms
• Dizziness
• Hearing loss
• Vertigo
• Nausea
• Vomiting
• Loss of balance
• A mild headache
• Tinnitus
• Hearing loss

Vestibular Neuronitis Causes and Symptoms

This is a condition of an infection of the vestibular nerve.
Signs and Symptoms
• Vertigo
• Nausea
• Vomiting
• Gets worse by head movement
• Horizontal nystagmus

Causes
• Upper respiratory infection
• Vestibular neuronitis
• Herpes Simplex type 1 virus
• Acute localized ischemia

Cochlear Neuronitis Causes and Symptoms

This is a condition of an infection of the Cochlear nerve.
Cause: Viral
Symptoms
• Sudden deafness
• No vertigo

Trauma Causes and Symptoms

Trauma is caused when the skull is injured leading to a fracture or there is a concussion to the organ which controls balance.
Symptoms
• Loss of consciousness
• No loss of consciousness
• Concentration problems
• Headache
• Dizziness
• Nausea
• Vomiting
• Sensory problems
• Blurred vision
• Ringing in the ears
• Bad taste in the mouth
• Sensitivity to light or sound
• Mood changes
• Feeling depressed
• Fatigue
• Drowsiness
• Difficulty in sleeping
• Sudden loss of vestibular function.

Causes
• Falls
• Vehicle-related collisions
• Violence
• Sports injuries
• Explosive blasts and other combat injuries

Meniere’s Disease Causes and Symptoms

This is a condition of an inner ear fluid balance disorder.
Cause: A chemical imbalance of the inner ear, specific cause is unknown.
Symptoms
• Lasting episodes of vertigo
• Fluctuating hearing loss
• Tinnitus
• Sensation of fullness in the ear.

Perilymph Fistula Causes and Symptoms

This is a condition of a leakage of inner ear fluid from the inner ear.
Causes
• After head injury
• Surgery
• Physical exertion
• Without a known cause

Symptoms
• Dizziness
• Imbalance
• Hearing loss

Superior canal dehiscence syndrome

• This is a balance and hearing disorder.
• This is due to a gap that is located in the temporal bone.
• This leads to the dysfunction of the superior canal.

Bilateral Vestibulopathy Causes and Symptoms

This is a condition that includes loss of inner ear balance function in both ears.
Causes
• Certain antibiotics
• Anti-cancer
• Other drugs or by chemicals such as solvents, heavy metals,
• By diseases such as syphilis or autoimmune disease

Symptoms
• Imbalance
• Visual problems
• Imbalance
• Gets worse in the dark
• Oscillopsia
• Bilateral Vestibulopathy
• Transient visual blurring

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