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Explain Down Syndrome – Part 1

• Down syndrome (DS), also known as Trisomy 21, is often a condition wherein an extra genetic chromosome adds on causing delays in the child development, both mentally and physically.
• It affects about one in every 800 babies born in the United States.
• The physical characteristics and medical problems related to Down syndrome may vary widely from child to child.
• Even though children with Down Syndrome need a ton of medical attention, others lead healthy lives.
• Though Down syndrome cannot be prevented, it could be detected before the child comes into this world.
• The health conditions that might have to go together with DS can be treated.
• Many resources are available to help children and their families who’re managing the condition.

What Causes It?

• Normally, before conception a child inherits genetic information from the parents.
• This is in the form of 46 chromosomes.
• 23 of them are from the mother and 23 are from the father.
• In Down syndrome, a young child gets an extra chromosome 21.
• This generates a total of 47 chromosomes as opposed to 46.
• It’s this extra genetic material that produces the physical features and developmental delays linked to down syndrome.
• Nobody knows for sure why down syndrome occurs.
• There is no way to prevent the chromosomal error that triggers it.
• Scientists do know for sure that women age 35 and older have a significantly and higher chances of bearing a young child having the condition.
• When mother is 30, lady has one out of 1,000 probability of having a baby with down syndrome.
• Those complications increase to approximately 1 in 400 by age 35.
• By 40 the danger rises to about one out of 100.

How does Down Syndrome Affect Children?

Children with down syndrome tend to share certain physical features. This may include:
– A flat facial profile
– An upward slant towards eyes
– Small ears
– A protruding tongue
• Low tone of muscle is usually manifestation of children with down syndrome.
• Babies for example may seem especially “floppy.”
• This can and infrequently does improve after some time.
• Most youngsters with down syndrome typically reach developmental milestones later than other children. They are like:
– sitting up
– crawling
– walking
• At birth, children with down syndrome are generally of average size.
• They often grow at a slower rate.
• They remain less space-consuming than their peers.

For infants, low muscular tone may promote issues of:
– Sucking
– Feeding
– Constipation
– Other digestive issues
• Toddlers and older children could possibly have delays in speech and self-care skills. These are like:
– Feeding
– Dressing
– Toilet learning
• Down syndrome affects children’s power to learn.
• In other words, they have mild to moderate intellectual development.
• Children with down syndrome can and do learn.
• They are able to develop skills in their lives.
• They just reach goals in a different pace.
• It is vital not to compare a young child with down syndrome against typically developing siblings.
• Children with down syndrome have a diverse range of abilities.
• There is absolutely no way to reveal at birth that the child with down syndrome will be effective when they become adults.

Down Syndrome Parenting 101 Down Syndrome: An Overview Babies with Down Syndrome

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