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How does acne develop? What makes acne worse?

• Acne vulgaris also known as cystic acne or simply acne is a common human skin disease.
• Acne affects mostly skin with the densest population of sebaceous follicles. These areas include:
– Face
– Upper part of the chest
– Back
• Acne is a skin disease.
• It arises due to the oil glands which are located at the base of hair follicles.
• It generally occurs during puberty.
• This is the time when the sebaceous glands become active.
• The glands are triggered by male hormones.
• They are produced in both males and females by the adrenal glands.
• Acne is not dangerous.
• It can leave skin scars.
• Pimples grow when these follicles are blocked.
• This results in oil accumulation below the skin.
• The word acne comes from the word acme.
• It implies “the highest point”.
• This is derived from the Greek akme which means “point” or “spot”.

How Does Acne Develop?

• The clumping of hair, sebum, and skin cells together lead to the formation of a plug.
• The bacteria in the plug cause swelling.
• A pimple is formed when this plug starts to rupture.
• There are many types of pimples.

The most common types are:
– Whiteheads
– Blackheads
– Papules
– Pustules
– Nodules
– Cysts

This is characterized by areas of skin with:
– Seborrhea (scaly red skin)
– Comedones (blackheads and whiteheads)
– Papules (pinheads)
– Pustules (pimples)
– Nodules (large papules)
– Scarring

Symptoms and Causes of Acne

• Scars
• Pigmentation
• Boils
• Eczema
• Blackheads
• Whiteheads
• Allergies
• Freckles
• Moles
• Age Spots
• Skin infections
• Hormonal changes
• Stress
• Sunburn
• Pollution

Causes of Acne
• Hormonal
• Genetic
• Psychological
• Infectious

Highly beneficial natural remedies can be used like:
• Orange peels
• Tomato juice
• Lemon juice
• Coconut water
• Sandalwood powder
• Other natural skin lightening agents

Steps to clean skin
• Clean Skin Gently
• Astringents are not recommended
• Avoid Frequent Handling of the Skin
• Shave Carefully
• Avoid Sun tanning
• Choose Cosmetics Carefully

Choose oil free cosmetics like:
• Foundation
• Blush
• Eye shadow
• Moisturizers

What aspects make the acne worse?

Some aspects that can make acne worse:
• Changing hormone levels in teenage girls.
• In Adult women it is before their period starts, say about 2 to 7 days before.
• Pressure from bike helmets, backpacks, or tight collars.
• Pollution and high humidity.
• Squeezing or picking at pimples.
• Hard scrubbing of the skin.

Diet for Acne

• Drink adequate amount of water to keep the skin in a healthy and glowing condition.
Balanced and nutritious diet with special emphasis on the following is highly beneficial:
– Vitamin A
– Vitamin C
– Vitamin E
– Zinc
– Selenium rich foods
It is best to include the following in the diet:
– Oranges
– Lemons
– Carrots
– Gooseberries
– Guavas
– Watermelons
– Red and yellow bell peppers
– Broccoli
– Beans and seeds
– Nuts
– Whole grains

It is best to stay away from:
– Fatty and oily foods
– Caffeinated items like tea, coffee
– Chocolates

Neutrogena Acne Stress Control, 3-in-1 Hydrating Acne Treatment Salicylic Acid 20% Gel Peel Neutrogena Complete Acne Therapy System

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