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What are dental sealants?

• Dental sealants is a kind of dental treatment.
• It consists of applying a plastic-type coating to a single or multiple tooth.
• This is done for the purpose of preventing tooth decay.
• This can be used for any form of cavity.

What are Dental Sealants?

• Dental sealants are thin plastic coatings that are used on the grooves within the chewing surfaces of the back teeth.
• This is applied to defend them from cavities.
• Most caries in children and teens occurs on these surfaces.
• Sealants protect the chewing surfaces from cavity by keeping germs and food particles out of these grooves.
• Permanent molars are most likely to profit from sealants.
• The primary molars usually arise in the mouth when a child is about six years.
• Second molars appear at about age 12.
• It’s wise that the sealant is applied shortly after the tooth has erupted so that the possibility of decay can be avoided.
• Applying sealants doesn’t require drilling or removing the tooth structure.
• The operation is short and easy.
• As soon as the tooth is cleaned, a special gel is positioned about the chewing surface for some seconds.
• The tooth is then washed off and dried.
• Then, the sealant is painted for the tooth.
• The dentist may shine a light on the tooth.
• This helps hardening the sealant.
• It takes approximately a second to the sealant to form a protective shield.
• Sealants could only be observed when looked closely.
• Sealants might be clear, white, or slightly tinted.
• They are often not seen each time a child talks or smiles.
• As with anything new that is put into the mouth, a young child may feel the sealant with the tongue.
• Sealants are very thin.
• They can fill the pits and grooves of only molar teeth.
• A sealant can last for about 5 to 10 years.
• Sealants need to be checked at regular intervals of dental appointment.
• This will enable it to be reapplied provided there is any change in their position.

Role in Oral Hygiene

• Dental sealants don’t eradicate the need for fluoride treatment.
• Fluorides are utilized in:
– Toothpaste
– Mouth rinse
– Community water supplies
• Fluoride also helps to prevent decay.
• They provide an alternative way.
• Sealants keep germs and food particles outside the grooves.
• This is due to the covering with a secure plastic coating.
• Sealants and fluorides band together in order to avoid oral cavities.
• Sealants are a part of a child’s total preventive dental care.

A complete preventive dental program also includes:
– Fluoride
– Twice-daily brushing
– Wise food choices
– Regular dentistry
• Sealing a tooth is superior to anticipating decay and filling the cavity.
• Decay damages teeth permanently whereas sealants protect them.
• Sealants can help to save time and money and not to forget the discomfort that is associated with dental fillings.
• Fillings are not permanent.
• When a tooth is filled, more drilling is done.
• In this process the tooth becomes a trifle weaker.

Application of Dental Sealants

• Dental sealants are applied in a dentist’s office.
• The dentist, dental hygienist or assistant first cleans the tooth.
• Then he dries your tooth that is being treated.
• He then applies a slightly acidic solution on the tooth to generate a rough surface.
• Finally, he paints a thin layer of liquid plastic-coating within the pits and fissures on the tooth.
• After use of the plastic liquid, blue spectrum natural light is shone about the applied material for some seconds.
• This is to cure or seal the plastic.
• Some brands of sealants self-cure by using a chemical process.
• After curing, the plastic becomes a hardcore.

Dental Instruments Dental Materials OraVet Gel Teeth Sealant 8 Applications

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