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What are cavities? What causes cavities in the tooth? – Part 1

• Tooth decay is generally known as cavities or even a cavity.
• It is deemed as an infection that is bacterial in origin.
• It causes demineralization and destruction of the hard tissues.
Hard tissues can be like:
– Enamel
– Dentin
– Cementum
• The destruction occurs usually by acid manufacture which occurs by bacterial fermentation of the food debris that is accumulated within the tooth surface.
• If de-mineralization exceeds saliva and other re-mineralization factors, then these hard tissues progressively break down.

These factors of demineralization can be for example:
– From calcium
– Fluoridated toothpaste
• This progress results in producing caries.

The bacteria which are most responsible for dental cavities are:
• Mutans streptococci, most prominently Streptococcus mutans
• Streptococcus sobrinus
• Lactobacilli

If left untreated, the condition may result in:
– Pain
– Loss of tooth
– Infection
• Today, caries remain just about the most common diseases throughout the world.
• Cariology is the study of cavity.
• The presentation of caries is highly variable.
• However, risk factors and stages of development are similar.
• Initially, it may well appear like a small chalky area.
• This could eventually develop into a big cavity.
• Sometimes caries might be directly visible.
• Other strategies for detection include X-rays.
• It can be used for less visible areas of teeth.
• This helps to judge the extent of destruction.
• Lasers for detecting caries allow detection without ionizing radiation.
• It is useful for detection of interproximal decay.
• This decay is decay between the teeth.
• Disclosing solutions are also used during tooth restoration.
• It will help to attenuate the risk of recurrence.
• Oral cavity disease is caused by specific forms of bacteria.
• They produce acid inside presence of ferment-able carbohydrates.
There’re including:
– Sucrose
– Fructose
– Glucose
• The teeth’s mineral content is extremely sensitive to acidity increase.
• This acid is derived from production of lactic acid.
• A tooth is in a relentless state of back-and-forth demineralization and remineralization relating to the tooth and surrounding saliva.
• If you have little saliva which occurs especially as a result of radiation therapies which will destroy the salivary glands then a remineralization gel can be a solution.
• These patients are particularly prone to caries.
• When the pH with the top of the tooth drops below 5.5, demineralization proceeds faster than remineralization.
• Consequently there is a net lack of mineral structure within the tooth’s surface.
• Most foods are usually in this acidic range and without remineralization.
• This leads to the ensuing decay.
• Depending on the extent of tooth destruction, various treatments enable you to restore teeth.
• They could be restored to proper form and function.
• There is no known method to regenerate a lot of tooth structure.
• Dental health organizations advocate preventive and prophylactic measures. These are like:
– regular oral cleanliness
– dietary modifications

Crest Cavity Protection Toothpaste Sensodyne Toothpaste for Sensitive Teeth and Cavity Prevention Cure Tooth Decay

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