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What is the distinction between gingivitis and periodontitis?

• Gingivitis is actually a name for inflammation of the gums.
• A person who has gingivitis has inflamed gums.
• They seem to be red in the margins.
• They are never pink.
• If your gums are dried they will appear to have lost their stippling look.
• This is due to gums sometimes become edematous.
• Often, when inflamed, gingival papillae which are the gums concerning teeth carry out a ‘reverse architecture’.
• They look much like ‘footballs’.
• The swollen papillae are no longer knife edged for the tips.
• They are no longer concave about the sides.
• They appear convex.
• Gingivitis is reversible.
• It can usually go away completely after a patient improves their oral cleanliness.
• This includes a cleaning.
• Periodontists involves irreversible changes towards supporting structures of the teeth. It can be connected with:
– bone loss
– pocketing round the teeth
– severe cases of loosening on the teeth
– tooth loss
• Sometimes gums with periodontists look normal.
• This is because the inflammation is deep beneath gums.
• They are not on the surface as in gingivitis.
• When the gums are gently probed that has periodontist, they bleed easily.
• Bleeding on probing is the better indicator for periodontist.
• This shows the presence of inflammation in the gums.
• It appears that bone loss and pocketing occur due to presence of inflammation with time.
• Initial treatment for both these conditions is always to have your teeth thoroughly cleaned.
• One should also improve a person’s oral care.
• After treatment, the active phase of periodontal disease may end.
• The patient is usually added to three month recall to a dental hygienist.
• A person in remission would possibly not experience further deterioration with the bone.
• Their subsequent radio-graphs show their bone looks healthier plus sound.
• However, bone levels won’t get back to identical level which was prior to the periodontist.
• Gingivitis usually precedes periodontists.
• Not all gingivitis advances to periodontists.

Symptoms of Gingivitis

• Swollen gums
• Soft gums
• Puffy gums
• Receding gums
• Tender gums
• Gums that bleed easily
• Redness or pinkness on your brush or floss
• The gums differ in color from a healthy pink to dusky red
• Bad breath

Symptoms of Periodontitis

• Swollen gums
• Bright red or purplish gums
• Gums that feel tender when touched
• Gums that recede from your teeth
• Gums making your teeth look longer than normal
• New spaces developing between your teeth
• Pus between your teeth and gums
• Bad breath
• Bad taste in your mouth
• Loose teeth
• A difference in the way the teeth come together while biting.

What is the general oral hygiene to prevent both?

• Brush following or drinking.
• Floss frequently.
• Rinse the mouth area.
• Go to your dentist regularly.
• Consider dental sealants.
• Drink some regular water.
• Avoid frequent snacking and sipping.
• Eat well balanced meals.
• Avoid foods that get stuck in grooves and pits of the teeth for very long stretches.

Consume food that protects your teeth, for instance:
– Cheese
– Fruits and vegetables
– Unsweetened coffee, tea
– Sugar-free gum

Take Vitamin C rich diet
• Toothache patients should consume low fats.
• They should include many fresh fruits.
• They ought to include rich vegetables in their diet.
• The person should follow a diet which is fiber rich.
• People deficient in Vitamin C have increased risk for periodontal disease.
• They must take Vitamin C supplements to further improve the gum health.
• Eating vitamin C rich foods works.

Foods being avoided are:
– Sugar
– Fresh fruit juices
– White flour
– Polished rice
– Sodas
– Syrups

Curing Gingivitis Painlessly Comprehensive Periodontics for the Dental Hygienist Periodontics: Medicine, Surgery and Implants

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