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What is a glue ear? What are causes and symptoms of glue ear? – Part 2

Glue ear is also referred to as:
– secretory otitis media
– otitis media with effusion
– serious otitis media
• It is an extremely common illness among kids.
• It generally develops in young children, but may develop at all ages and can have an effect on one or both ears.

Causes of Glue Ear

• A significant reason for glue ear is widely considered as a result of the Eustachian tubes not operating correctly.
• Eustachian tubes connect the pharynx to the middle ear.
• If the Eustachian tube is thin, blocked, or will not open correctly, the balance of fluid and air in the middle ear might be modified.
• Air in the middle ear might steadily pass into the nearby cells when it is not substituted by air coming up the Eustachian tube, along with a vacuum may then develop in the middle ear.
• Fluid might also seep into the middle ear from nearby cells.
• Often glue ear children establish the illness after a cough, cold, or ear infection once extra mucus is generated.
• The mucus accumulates in the middle ear that can find it difficult to drain down the Eustachian tube.
• In spite of this, several cases of glue ear tend not to start with an obvious ear infection.

Diagnosis of Glue Ear

• In case you suspect your little one has glue ear, you need to pay a visit to your GP.
• Your GP will probably inquire about your child’s symptoms and medical background after which he/she will carry out a brief ENT evaluation of your child concentrating on the ear drums to make sure there is absolutely no infection in the ears .
• Usually, after this preliminary examination, your GP will send you away and then request you to come back in one to three months to check if there’s been any kind of improvement.
• This is known as ‘watchful waiting’.
• If there has not been any kind of development over this period, your child is definitely more going to be referred to an Ear, Nose and Throat (ENT) professional.
• The Audiologist will probably carry out a tympanometry test that is the perfect available approach to confirm glue ear.
• This test bounces audio waves off the ear drum and also assesses its flexibility.
• If the problem is judged serious enough, your child might go on a waiting list for one of the primary types of glue ear treatment: a grommet operation.
• This commences under full anesthetic.

Prevention of Glue Ear

• Long-term antibiotics, although reduces the rates of infection at the time of treatment, have an unidentified impact on long-term results like hearing loss. So, these are not suggested.
• Pneumococcal conjugate vaccines when provided during infancy reduce rates of severe otitis media by 6–7% and if executed broadly might have a significant public health advantage.
• Certain factors like season, allergy predisposition and presence of slightly older siblings often tend to be determinants of repeated otitis media and persistent middle ear effusions (MEE).
• Previous background of recurrence, environmental contact with cigarette smoke, use of daycare, and shortage of breastfeeding have all been connected with greater risk of OM development, recurrence, and continual MEE.
• There is certainly some indication that breastfeeding for the first 12 months of life is connected with a reduction in the number and period of OM infections.
• Pacifier use, on the contrary, has been connected with more regular episodes of AOM.
• Evidence would not help zinc supplementation as an attempt to decrease otitis rates except maybe in individuals with serious malnutrition like marasmus.

Otovent Glue Ear Treatment Glue Ear The impact of glue ear on child development

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