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What are common eye injuries?

Physical or chemical wounds of the eye could be a critical threat to vision if they are not treated accordingly and in a well-timed fashion. The most apparent presentation of ocular (eye) injuries is soreness and discomfort of the affected eyes. This may not be, however, universally true, because little metallic projectiles could potentially cause neither indication. Tiny metallic projectiles need to be suspected whenever a patient reports metal on metal exposure, like with hammering a metallic surface. Intraocular foreign bodies will not result in pain on account of the insufficient nerve endings in the vitreous humor as well as retina which can transfer discomfort sensations. As such, general or emergency room physicians ought to refer instances involving the posterior section of the eye or intraocular foreign bodies to an ophthalmologist. Ideally, gel will not be considered when making reference to an ophthalmologist, because it reduces the capability to carry out an intensive eye examination.

Effects of Eye Injury

• Closed globe injury also referred to as Non-penetrating trauma
• Penetrating trauma
• Perforating trauma
• Blowout fracture of the orbit which is due to blunt trauma

Complications after Eye Injury

Several complications develop after having an eye injury:
• corneal scarring
• hyphema
• iridodialysis
• post-traumatic glaucoma
• uveitis cataract
• vitreous hemorrhage
• retinal detachment
• retinal tears
• penetrating injuries
• severe blunt trauma

What are common eye injuries?

1. Corneal Abrasions
Corneal abrasion is a condition of the eye when the front shield of the eye which is transparent, also referred to as cornea, is wounded.
The symptoms include:
• eye pain
• sensitivity to light
• increase in tears
• blurred or distorted vision
• squinting due to muscle spasm
• feeling of foreign object in the eye

2. Uveitis
Uveitis is a condition of the eye where the central section of the eye appears to be swollen as a result of a blow externally.
The symptoms include:
• eye pain
• sensitivity to light
• deep ache in your eye
• ache in the brow region
• small pupil
• irregular-shaped pupil
• blurred vision
• inflamed eye
• increase in tears
• headache

3. Foreign bodies
When a foreign body is stuck in your eye then also the eye might get injured.
The symptoms include:
• sensation of something being in the eye
• increase in tears
• eye pain
• blurred or double vision
• sensitivity to light
• a visible foreign body on the cornea
– In the case when this foreign body is a tiny metal piece, then the cornea might get stained or injured.
– The stain is generally rust colored.

Serious Eye Injuries

1. Chemical burn
When the eyes are exposed to hazardous chemicals, one may experience what is called chemical burn.
The symptoms include:
• intense eye pain
• redness of the eye
• difficulties keeping the affected eyes open
• swelling of the eyelid
• blurred vision

2. Hyphemas and orbital blowout fractures
– A hyphema is an eye condition when there is bleeding associated with the front section of the eye.
– An orbital blowout fracture is a condition of the eye when the surrounding bones of the eye are fractured.
– Both the conditions usually occur due to a blow on the face.
The symptoms include:
• eye pain
• blurred vision
• doubled vision
• swelling around the eye
• bruising around the eye

3. A corneal laceration
A corneal laceration is a scar or cut to eye’s frontal section.
The symptoms include:
• eye pain
• tearing
• blurred vision

Eye Care: Solutions to Common Eye Problems Eye Power: An Updated Report on Vision Therapy The Eye Care Revolution

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