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What exactly are common causes of eye injuries?

• Eye injuries range from comparatively trivial, like irritating the eyes with hair shampoo, to extremely severe, leading to long lasting loss of vision.
• Eye injury occurs in several settings; in your own home, at the workplace or when taking part in sports.

Prevalent reasons behind eye injuries include:
• Something like a tiny particle of grit or a twig harms the transparent front section of the eye referred to as the cornea – this kind of injury is referred to as a corneal abrasion.
• A foreign body like a tiny piece of wood or metal may get trapped in the eye.
• An abrupt blow to the eye, from a fist or perhaps a cricket ball for instance, will cause the center section of the eye (the uvea) to end up swollen – this kind of injury is referred to as traumatic uveitis.

Significantly less common and more critical kinds of eye injury include:
• Contact with harmful chemicals – it is referred to as an ocular chemical burn
• The eye gets cut and begins bleeding

Signs and symptoms as a result of an eye injury include:
• Eye pain – which could occasionally be severe
• Redness and watering of the eye
• Blurred vision
• Sensitivity to light

Causes of Eye Injuries

There are numerous reasons behind eye injury, including:
• A blow to the eye
• Foreign bodies – any kind of material that enters the eye, the severeness of the injury depends on what the object is and whether or not it has pierced the eye
• Wounds to the eyelid and also eyeball
• Chemical exposure
• Ultraviolet light

A blow to the eye could cause many injuries:
– Traumatic iritis (uveitis) – inflammation (swelling) because of a blow to the eye
– Orbital blowout fracture – cracks or breaks in the bones of the face that encompass the eye, which could force the eyeball even more back into the eye socket (orbit)
• Bleeding in the eye (hyphema)
• Retinal isolation – an unusual condition that is caused by tears and breaks in the retina, which enables it to result in permanent vision loss unless, treated

Ultraviolet light
• Ultraviolet (UV) light from the sun or from subjection to sun lamps can result in an eye injury referred to as ultraviolet keratitis or corneal flash burn.

Contact lenses
• Donning contact lenses improperly can also hurt the eyes.
• Corneal abrasions (scratching the area or grazing of the cornea) will probably occur if your contact lenses are not thoroughly clean, do not suit properly or are donned for a long period of time.
• Additionally, it is feasible for a foreign body like a tiny particle of dust or dirt, to be stuck behind the contact lens as well as inflame your eye.

When to seek professional medical guidance?

Talk to your GP right away when you have any of the following:
• Prolonged eye pain.
• Foreign bodies that can’t be cleaned out.
• Blurred as well as diminished vision.
• Flashing lights, spots or shapes comprised of shadows in the field of vision.
• Redness in the eye, specifically around the iris (the colored section of the eye that regulates the amount of light that penetrates).
• Pain when subjected to bright light.
• Eye damage because of an object hitting the eye at high speed.

Eye Care: Solutions to Common Eye Problems Eye Power: An Updated Report on Vision Therapy The Eye Care Revolution

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