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What are causes of mouth sores? How do you treat mouth sores?

Several types of sores can appear in any part of the mouth. Places where mouth sores can appear are:
• Bottom of the mouth
• Inner cheeks
• Gums
• Lips
• Tongue

Causes of Mouth Sores

Mouth sores may be caused by irritation from:
– A sharp or broken tooth
– Poorly fitting dentures
– Biting your cheek, tongue, or lip
– Burning your mouth from hot food or drinks
– Braces
– Chewing tobacco
• Cold sores are caused by the herpes simplex virus.
• They are very contagious.
You will have:
– Tenderness
– Tingling
– Burning before the actual sore appears
• Cold sores actually start as blisters.
• Then they crust over.
• The herpes virus can remain alive in the body for years.

It appears as a mouth sore only something stimulates it like:
– Another illness
– Especially if there is a fever
– Hormone changes
– Stress
– Sun exposure
• Canker sores do not spread.
• They appear like a pale or yellow ulcer.
• This ulcer is generally outlined with a red outer ring.
• You may have one or many of them.
• Women have them more than men.
• The cause of canker sores is unclear.

It may be due to:
– A weakness in your immune system
– Hormone changes
– Stress
– Lack of certain vitamins and minerals in the diet
– These may include vitamin B12 or folate.
• Mouth sores can be a sign of an illness or a tumor.
• It can also be a reaction to a medication.

This can include:
• Autoimmune disorders
• Bleeding disorders
• Cancer of the mouth
• Infections such as hand-foot-mouth disease
• Weakened immune system

Drugs that may cause mouth sores include:
• Aspirin
• Beta-blockers
• Chemotherapy medicines
• Penicillamine
• Sulfa drugs
• Phenytoin

Home Care for Mouth Sores

• Mouth sores usually fade away in 10 to 14 days without doing anything.
• They sometimes can remain up to 6 weeks.
The following steps can make you feel better:
Avoid
– hot beverages
– foods
– spicy and salty foods
– citrus
• Gargle with salt water or cool water.
• Eat popsicles.
• This is helpful if you have a mouth burn.
• Take pain relievers like acetaminophen.
• To help cold sores or fever blisters, ice application shall help.

Treatment includes:
• A medicine such as lidocaine numbs the area thereby easing the pain.
• An antiviral medication to treat herpes sores.
• Steroid gel that you put on the sore.
• A paste that reduces swelling or inflammation.
• A special type of mouthwash such as chlorhexidine gluconate.

Prevention for Mouth Sores

You may minimize the chances of getting common mouth sores by:
• Avoiding very hot foods or beverages.
• Reducing stress.
• Practicing relaxation techniques like yoga or meditation.
• Chewing slowly.
• Using a soft-bristle toothbrush.
• Visiting dentist for a sharp or broken tooth or misfitting dentures.
• Take folate and vitamin B12 to prevent the formation of mouth sores.

To prevent cancer of the mouth:
• Do not smoke or use tobacco.
• Limit alcohol to two drinks per day.
• Apply a lip balm with SPF 15 at all times.

Diet and Precautions for Canker Sores

• Eat a diet that is rich in vitamin B foods.
• Foods like whole grains and green leafy vegetables are such foods.
• Eat foods that are easy to chew and digest.
• Avoid eating spicy foods.
• Include a cup of yoghurt in your daily meals.
• Yogurt helps the canker sores to heal faster.
• Avoid eating acidic foods.
• Refrain from eating oily and sweet foods.

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